The Institute of Phytopathology of Georgia (former Institute of Plant Immunity) was founded on May 22, 1991 by development from the laboratories and expertise of a branch of All-Union Research Institute of Phytopathology which was originally founded in Kobuleti in 1959.
In 1964 the laboratories of phytopathology, biological control, selection and genetics of microorganisms, herbicides, toxicology and fungicides were established. In 1970 a field station was founded in the village of Tsagveri, Borjomi region.
During Soviet times, the work of the laboratories was focused on research of highly virulent and the most damaging fungal pathogens of strategic importance. The branch of All-Union Research Institute of Phytopathology was the first in Georgia to study genetic structure of pathogen populations, as well as testing sources of resistance towards highly virulent races and screening fungicides and pesticides.
The environmental conditions of Kobuleti are unique for field trials because of the natural isolation from major producing areas of test crops and the especially favourable warm humid growing conditions for plant pathogens.
After the break-up of the USSR the institution was handed over to Georgia and according to government order acquired the status of a research institute.
Since 2006 the Institute of Phytopathology was under the authority of the Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia, but on the basis July 9, 2010 order #185 of the Government of Georgia the Institute of Phytopathology was joined to the Shota Rustaveli State University as an independent structural unit.
On basis of the memorandums signed in February 2010, the Institute also closely cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Service of Food Safety, Veterinary and Plant Protection of Georgia.
In 2002 the Institute started its cooperation with the UK-based Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA). Under this collaboration, IPG was provided with the modern equipment for the laboratory of molecular biology, the buildings were repaired and improved, and the staff received help and training.
IPG successfully collaborates with CIMMYT and ICARDA over the years. The main areas of studies is monitoring of cereal rusts and testing of introduced breeding materials.